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Archive for November, 2009

Inviting in Persian (U1L2)

فصل اول – درس دوم

Inviting someone in Farsi

آیا شما با ایران آشنا هستید؟

بله. کشور شما زیبا و بزرگ است.

متشکرم. ایران کشوری تاریخی است.
دوست داری به ایران سفر کنی؟

بله. خیلی دوست دارم.

من شما را به ایران دعوت می کنم.

بسیار خوب. به زودی تعطیلات من شروع می شود.
من در این تعطیلات به ایران می آیم.
لطفا با من تماس بگیرید. به امید دیدار.

Short Greeting in Persian (U1L1)

فصل اول – درس اول

Short Greeting in Farsi


سلام

سلام

من تام هستم.
من بیست و شش ساله هستم. و اهل انگلستان هستم.
اسم شما چیست؟

اسم من نیما است. و بیست و چهار ساله هستم.
من ایرانی هستم.
شما چه کاره هستید؟

من دانشجوی زبان فارسی هستم.
من ایران را خیلی دوست دارم.
زبان فارسی را هم خیلی دوست دارم.
شغل شما چیست؟

در یک آژانس توریستی کار می کنم.

از آشنایی با شما خوشحالم.

من هم همین طور.

Subjunctive mood in Action-2

As mentioned in previous post, Subjunctive mood in Persian is used in two occasions. This mood is used when more than one verb is used, and in the case of uncertainty (i.e. after šāyad (maybe), agar (if), bāyad (must) and so on. The first usage of this mood was covered in the previous post, and the latter is explained in this post:

2. In the case of uncertainty

(i.e. after šāyad (maybe), agar (if), bāyad (must) and so on.

a- Present

– May / Might

šāyad

من شاید امروز به مدرسه بروم

/man šāyad emruz be madrese(h) beravam/
I might go to school today.

Note: There is no negative form for šāyad. To make the above sentence negative, we make the Subjunctive mood verb negative by replacing /be-/ with /na-/:

من شاید امروز به مدرسه نروم

/man šāyad emruz be madrese(h) naravam/
I might not go to school today.

– Should / Have to / Must / Ought to

bāyad

حالت خوب نیست. تو باید به دکتر بروی.

/hālet xub nist. to bāyad be doktor beravi./
You are not ok. You have to go to the doctor. (=You have to see a doctor)

Note: Negative form for Bāyad is Nabāyad. To make the above sentence negative we change /bāyad/ to /nabāyad/ and do not touch the rest of sentence.

حالت خوب نیست. تو نباید به مدرسه بروی

/hālet xub nist. to nabāyad be madrese(h) beravi./
You are not OK. You must not go to school.

b- Past

The subjunctive mood is not used for šāyad and Bāyad in past tense.

Past Imperfective form of the verb comes after šāyad and Bāyad in Past Tenses.

تو باید به او می گفتی

/to bāyad be u migofti/
You should have told her.

Download the Homework here

Subjunctive mood in Action-1

Broadly speaking, the subjunctive form [be-/bo-] is used:

1- If there are more than one verb in a sentence (no matter past or present) the following verbs will be in subjunctive form.

2. in the case of uncertainty (i.e. after shāyad (maybe), agar (if), bāyad (must) and so on.

1- More than one verb

In other words, when you have to use infinitive form (“to VERB”) or ing form (“VERBing) for the following verbs in English, you have to use subjunctive form (“be-“) of verb in Persian.

می خواهم سیبی بخورم.

Present: “Mixāham sibi boxoram”
(I want to eat an apple)

می خواستم سیبی بخورم.

Past: “Mixāstam sibi boxoram”
(I wanted to eat an apple)

In the past tense, you can also use”Xāstam” instead of “Mixāstam” for “I wanted”

Note: xāstam and mixāstam are two different tenses. xāstam means “I wanted” mixāstam means “I used to want”.

Examples:

I like/love VERBing
من دوست دارم زبان یاد بگیرم.
“man dust dāram Farsi yād begirem” (“I love learning Farsi”)

I tried to VERB
من تلاش کردم حقیقت را به او بگویم.
/man talāš kardam haqiqat rā be u beguyam/
I tried to tell him/her the truth.

I hate VERBing
من بدم می آید جمعه ها کار بکنم.
/man dadam miāyad Jom’ehā kār bekonam./
I hate working on Fridays.

I started/finished VERBing
من پارسال شروع کردم زبان فارسی را یاد بگیرم.
/man pārsāl šoru kardam zabān-e Farsi rā yād begiram/
I started learning Persian language last year.

An Introduction to Subjunctive mood in Persian

The subjunctive mood is a verb mood typically used in dependent clauses to express wishes, commands, emotion, possibility, judgment, opinion, necessity, or statements that are usually contrary to fact at present.

The subjunctive mood is Persian is made of the subjunctive form of the verb.

be + Present root

بـ + بن مضارع

Examples

Examples of subjunctive form for first person:

b(e) + kon (am)
b(e) + xor (am)
b(e) + rav (am)
b(e) + nush (am)
b(e) + nevis (am)

Note:

If the first letter of the Present root was a vowel (except for /i/), bi would be used instead of be:

bi + aay (am)
bi + aamuz (am)

If the first letter was /i/: (istaadan)

be + ist (am)

Exception:
The Subjunctive form of to be verb does not have any subjunctive prefix (be or bi):
baasham/baashi/baashad
baashim/baashid/baashand

How to write Farsi Alphabet Letters

As you might find it difficult or even scary to use Persian script, I have made an animation which demonstrates how to write down letters in just 2 minutes! This video would be a quick and easy guide for people who wonder how to write Farsi script.

If you are not familiar with Farsi script, I would recommend reading these posts first:
Persian Alphabet
Persian Letters Variation

Not to mention that if you are interested in Arabic, this video will be useful as Farsi language covers all Arabic letters.

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