Posts Tagged ‘آموزش فارسی’

Past Imperfective Tense in Persian

What is an Imperfective Tense?
The imperfective aspect refers to an action that is considered as ongoing, habitual, or repeated.

How to make a Past Imperfective Verb in Persian
Making a Past Imperfective verb in Persian is quite easy. You just need to add “mi” to the beginning of the Past Simple form of the verb.

mi+ Past Root + Person’s suffix

Although there is not an exact equivalent for this tense in English, Past Progressive (Past Continuous) tense can be considered as the closest tense in English to Past Imperfective Tense in Persian.

I was playing tennis yesterday.
/man diruz tennis bāzi mikardam./

When I was young, I was travelling a lot.
/vaqti javān budam, xeyli mosāferat miraftam./

(Right to Left) ←

Tense Prefix Tense Root Person Suffix Verb
می رفت م می رفتم
می رفت ی می رفتی
می رفت می رفت
Tense Prefix
Tense Root Person Suffix Verb
می رفت یم می رفتیم
می رفت ید می رفتید
می رفت ند می رفتند

(Left to Right) →

Tense Prefix Tense Root Person Suffix Verb
mi raft am miraftam
mi raft i mirafti
mi raft miraft
Tense Prefix Tense Root Person Suffix Verb
mi raft im miraftim
mi raft id miraftid
mi raft and miraftand

Can you do the same for these verbs:
To drink: /nušidan/ past tense root: nušid
To see: /didan/ past tense root: ?
To read: /xāndan/ past tense root: ?
To say: /goftan/ past tense root: ?
To jump: /paridan/ past tense root: ?

Vowels in Persian

As you might have realised the letters introduced in the Persian Alphabet post, mainly stand for the consonants apart from three vowels represented by letters (ا – و – ی )
In Persian vowels are two types:

Long Vowels

Represented by LETTERS

آ ا /ā/ [as in father]

ی /i/ [as in fit]

و /u/ [as in pull]

Short Vowels

Represented by SPECIAL SYMBOLS written above or below the letters


They are pronounced as (from right to left):

/a/ above letter [as in hat] short form of آ

/e/ under letter [as in red] short form of ای

/o/ abov letter [as in dome] short form of او

Note: These symbols may be used only in reference books or dictionaries and in an ordinary text (e.g. newspapers, the internet) you will not see them. The reader has to recogise and pronounce them from their background knowledge.

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