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Posts Tagged ‘مضارع’

to be Verb (Negative)

The formula for negative to be verb is similar to what we learned in this post:

Negative Present Tense root
+ person’s suffix

Negative Present tense root of to be verb is:

نیست /nist/

Negative To be verbs (simple present tense)

بن مضارع پسوند فعل Verb formula Definition
نیستـ ـم نیستم /nistam/ /nist/+/am/ I am not
نیستـ ـی نیستی /nisti/ /nist/+/i/ you are not
نیست ـ نیست /nist/ /nist/+- he/she is not
بن مضارع پسوند فعل Verb formula Definition
نیستـ ـیم نیستیم /nistim/ /nist/+/im/ we are not
نیستـ ـید نیستید /nistid/ /nist/+/id/ you are not
نیستـ ـند نیستند /nistand/ /nist/+/and/ they are not

to be Verb

In Persian, each verb has three forms:

– Infinitive
– Present Tense root
– Past Tense root

To make to be verbs in simple present tense we use the following formula: (read from right to left)

Present Tense root + person’s suffix

Present tense root of to be verb is:

هست /hast/

Table of Person’s suffixes

مفرد تلفظ Used for
ـم /-am/ I
ـی /-i/ you [singular]
/-/ he/she
جمع تلفظ Used for
ـیم /-im/ we
ـید /-id/ you [singular]
ـند /-and/ they

To be verbs (simple present tense)

بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
هستـ ـم هستم /hastam/ /hast/+/am/ I am
هستـ ـی هستی /hasti/ /hast/+/i/ you are
هست ـ هست /hast/ /hast/+- he/she is
بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
هستـ ـیم هستیم /hastim/ /hast/+/im/ we are
هستـ ـید هستید /hastid/ /hast/+/id/ you are
هستـ ـند هستند /hastand/ /hast/+/and/ they are

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