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Contracted forms of to be verb

In an informal situation, written or spoken, using contracted form of to be verbs is recommended. However, similar to English, it is recommended not using contracted form of to be verbs in a formal situation.

Contracted forms of to be verb are as follow. Having read them, you might have realised that they are very similar to person suffix for present tense studied in this post. The only exception is in third single person.

تلفظ Used for
ـم /-am/ I
ـی /-i/ you [singular]
است* /ast/ he/she
جمع تلفظ Used for
ـیم /-im/ we
ـید /-id/ you [singular]
ـند /-and/ they

Example:

بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
خوبـ ـم خوبم /xubam/ /xub/+/am/ I‘m fine
خوبـ ـی خوبی /xubi/ /xub/+/i/ you‘re fine
خوب است* خوب است* /xub ast/ /xub/+/ast/ he/she‘s fine
بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
خوبـ ـیم خوبیم /xubim/ /xub/+/im/ we‘re fine
خوبـ ـید خوبید /xubid/ /xub/+/id/ you‘re fine
خوبـ ـند خوبند /xuband/ /xub/+/and/ they‘re fine

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