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Contracted forms of to be verb

In an informal situation, written or spoken, using contracted form of to be verbs is recommended. However, similar to English, it is recommended not using contracted form of to be verbs in a formal situation.

Contracted forms of to be verb are as follow. Having read them, you might have realised that they are very similar to person suffix for present tense studied in this post. The only exception is in third single person.

تلفظ Used for
ـم /-am/ I
ـی /-i/ you [singular]
است* /ast/ he/she
جمع تلفظ Used for
ـیم /-im/ we
ـید /-id/ you [singular]
ـند /-and/ they

Example:

بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
خوبـ ـم خوبم /xubam/ /xub/+/am/ I‘m fine
خوبـ ـی خوبی /xubi/ /xub/+/i/ you‘re fine
خوب است* خوب است* /xub ast/ /xub/+/ast/ he/she‘s fine
بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
خوبـ ـیم خوبیم /xubim/ /xub/+/im/ we‘re fine
خوبـ ـید خوبید /xubid/ /xub/+/id/ you‘re fine
خوبـ ـند خوبند /xuband/ /xub/+/and/ they‘re fine

I am fine

In this lesson, we learn how to say: “I am fine” and also you are fine, he is fine, etc.

مفرد تلفظ Used for
من خوب هستم /man xub hastam/ I am fine
تو خوب هستی /to xub hasti/ you are fine [singular]
او خوب هست /u xub hast/ he/she is fine
جمع تلفظ Used for
ما خوب هستیم /mā xub hastim/ we are fine
شما خوب هستـید /šomā xub hastid/ you are fine [plural]
ایشان خوب هستـند /išān xub hastand/ they are fine

In colloquial Persian, it is common to drop /hast/ and join the adjective person’s suffix together:

مفرد تلفظ Used for
من خوبم /man xubam/ I am fine
تو خوبی /to xubi/ you are fine [singular]
او خوب هست * /u xub hast/ * he/she is fine
جمع تلفظ Used for
ما خوبیم /mā xubim/ we are fine
شما خوبـید /šomā xubid/ you are fine [plural]
ایشان خوبـند /išān xuband/ they are fine

to be Verb

In Persian, each verb has three forms:

– Infinitive
– Present Tense root
– Past Tense root

To make to be verbs in simple present tense we use the following formula: (read from right to left)

Present Tense root + person’s suffix

Present tense root of to be verb is:

هست /hast/

Table of Person’s suffixes

مفرد تلفظ Used for
ـم /-am/ I
ـی /-i/ you [singular]
/-/ he/she
جمع تلفظ Used for
ـیم /-im/ we
ـید /-id/ you [singular]
ـند /-and/ they

To be verbs (simple present tense)

بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
هستـ ـم هستم /hastam/ /hast/+/am/ I am
هستـ ـی هستی /hasti/ /hast/+/i/ you are
هست ـ هست /hast/ /hast/+- he/she is
بن مضارع پسوند فعل تلفظ formula Definition
هستـ ـیم هستیم /hastim/ /hast/+/im/ we are
هستـ ـید هستید /hastid/ /hast/+/id/ you are
هستـ ـند هستند /hastand/ /hast/+/and/ they are

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